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XU Jin

XU Jin, PhD

Assistant Professor and Doctoral Supervisor, CCHDS

Dr Jin Xu, is an Assistant Professor at Peking University China Center for Health Development Studies. He works in the field of health policy and systems research, with interests in primary health care, health financing, health service integration, and multimorbidity. He works on analyzing and evaluating complex health system interventions/reforms in low- and middle-income countries. Besides China, his work also covers Myanmar and Sierra Leone. He has led multiple national and international projects related to health system strengthening.

He joined CCHDS in 2010, and studied at London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), where he received his PhD from in 2017. Previously, he studied at Peking University, earned two bachelor’s degrees in medical English and economics respectively and finished the taught modules for masters in sociology. 

He leads teaching on Health Systems in Low- and Middle-income Countries, Analysis of Equity and Efficiency of Health System and participates, and participated in teaching of Leadership in Public Health, Health Policy and Systems Research, and Advancement in Health Policy and Management Studies.

He has been leading or participated in various research projects including “Framework for People-Centered Integrated Care” commissioned by National Health and Family Planning Commission, “Developing People-Centered Health System in China” commissioned by the World Bank, Global Health Support Project--Health Systems Strengthening funded by DFID, Healthy China 2020 Strategic Planning Research, Evaluation of the National Healthy Cities Programme in China, Peking University’s Framework Proposal for China’s Health System Reform, Lessons from China’s Primary Health Care commissioned by WHO. He is also a board member (representing western pacific region) of the Emerging Voices for Global Health (Health System Global) and a Fellow of the Equity Initiative.


• Xu J*, Mills A. 2020, The rise of hospital centrism in China, 1835-2018, from the perspective of financing, Chapter 7, in Martin Gorsky, Margarita Vilar-Rodríguez and Jerònia Pons-Pons, ed. The Political Economy of
the Hospital in History, University of Huddersfield Press, Queensgate, United Kingdom, available at https://unipress.hud.ac.uk/plugins/books/26/format/40/
• Xu J*, Powell-Jackson T, Mills A. Effectiveness of primary care gatekeeping: difference-in-differences evaluation of a pilot scheme in China. BMJ Glob Health 2020; 5(8).
• Xu J*, Gorsky M, Mills A. A path dependence analysis of hospital dominance in China (1949-2018): lessons for primary care strengthening. Health Policy Plan 2020; 35(2): 167-79.
• Jin Y, Xu J, Zhu W, Zhang Y, Xu L, Meng Q*. Synergy of policies to strengthen primary care: evidence from a national repeated cross-sectional study. BMC health services research 2020; 20(1): 865.
• Xu J*, Jian W, Zhu K, Kwon S, Fang H. Reforming public hospital financing in China: progress and challenges. BMJ 2019; 365: l4015.
• Xu J*, Gorsky M, Mills A. Historical roots of hospital centrism in China (1835-1949): A path dependence analysis. Soc Sci Med 2019; 226: 56-62.
• Xu J*, Mills A. 10 years of China's comprehensive health reform: a systems perspective. Health Policy Plan
2019; 34(6): 403-6.
•Xu, J.*, Mills, A., Challenges for gatekeeping: a qualitative systems analysis of a pilot in rural China, International Journal of Equity in Health, 2017, 16(1):106
•Yue, D., Ruan, S., Xu, J., Zhu, W., Zhang, L., Cheng, G., & Meng, Q. (2016). Impact of the China Healthy Cities Initiative on Urban Environment. Journal of Urban Health-Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 1–9.
•MENG, Q., FANG, H., LIU, X., YUAN, B. & XU, J. 2015. Consolidating the social health insurance schemes in China: towards an equitable and efficient health system. The Lancet, 386, 1484-1492.
•Wang, Q., Yamashita, T., Xu, J., Shen, J. J., Neishi, S., Cheng, G., & Meng, Q. (2015). The Spouse’s Level of Education and Individuals’ Dietary Behaviors in China. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 22(4), 461–470.
•Xu J, Zervopoulos P, Qian Z, Cheng G (2012) A universal solution for units-invariance in data envelopment analysis. Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields, 3(2): 121-8.
•XU J, LIU X, MENG Q. Potential lessons from reform of US Veterans Health Care System: Literature review[J]. Chinese Journal of Health Policy, 2012, 5(9): 48-53
•Cheng G, Liu X, Hou J, Xu J, Meng Q  (2011) Zero Mark-up Policy of Essential Medicines System in China: Problems and Recommendations. Chinese Journal of Health Policy, 4 (10)
•Chan L-H, Chen L, Xu J (2010) China's Engagement with Global Health Diplomacy: Was SARS a Watershed? PLoS Med 7(4)
•Meng Q, Liu X, Hou J, Xu J, Pan W (2010) The Implication of World Health Report 2010 on China’s Health Financing Policy. Chinese Journal of Health Policy, 3(11)
•Xu J, Meng Q. (2015) People-Centred Health Care: towards a new structure of health service delivery in China. World Bank Commissioned Report
•L Li, J Xu. Best Care Anywhere : Why VA Health Care is Better Than Yours (Chinese Version), Beijing: Peking University Press, 2011

Oral Presentations

•Preliminary effects of a gatekeeping pilot in northern rural China (3rd Global Symposium on Health Systems Research, Cape Town, 2014)
•Institutions and long-term health system changes: lessons from China's evolving balance between primary care providers and hospitals (1949-2013) (4rd Global Symposium on Health Systems Research, Vancouver, 2016)
•Conceptualizing the Balance of Care in China’s Health System, 1949-2010 (European Social Science History Conference, Valencia, 2016)